Tuesday, August 1, 2017
When Troy fell is a common subject in revised Chronology. But Velikovsky also questions if the current proposed site of Troy fits the geography of Homer.
I however have come to think that regardless of where Homer thought Troy was, perhaps the origin of the Legend of Troy wasn’t in Turkey at all?
The myth of Laomedon (Priam’s father) and Herakles has been noted to strongly resemble that of Perseus and Joppa/Jaffa. A Princess being offered as a sacrifice to appease a Sea Monster, and a Greek Hero who’s a son of Zeus saves the day. The oldest version of the Trojan Horse legend also refers to a sea monster off the coast of Troy.
Greek Mythology also has three Flood Legends. So it’s possible there are other cases of different myths based on the same event, yet later given distinct points on the mythical timeline. So could Joppa and Troy be the same city? Or different cities of the same kingdom?
Joppa is located in Israel, the Book of Jonah also affiliates it with a Sea Monster, (in the Septuagint and New Testament it’s referred to as Cetos). Which Kingdom it was part of during the Divided Kingdom period is difficult to tell, it possibly changed over time as the borders shifted, in Jonah it’s seemingly part of the North.
There is an 18th Dynasty Egyptian text known as The Taking of Joppa. In which an Egyptian general named Djehuty captures Joppa by offering them a gift of many baskets and claiming he was surrendering, but hidden in the Baskets were his soldiers. The similarity of this to the Trojan Horse legend has been noted before. In any Chronology however this event predates the fall of Troy, and was certainly before Homer.
Djehuty is independently verified to have lived during the reign of Tuthmosis III. But Egyptologists now suspect the campaign that is the story’s intended setting is from the reign of Amenhotep II.
Memnon in the Prose Edda. Some people question if Memnon was in fact who’s meant. The spelling it uses is “Munon or Mennon”, which could instead refer to Menon, a Trojan soldier mentioned in The Iliad. In Greek translations of the Old Testament the Hebrew name Menahem sometimes becomes Manaem or Manaen. Luke 3 has a Menan son of Matthias son of Nathan son of David, which I find interesting in light of the Rabbinic tradition of Menahem ben Ammiel being connected to David’s son Nathan.
The Prose Edda is one of many examples of European Royalty claiming descent from Troy. It seems before British Israelism made Ephraim popular, it was Troy the nations of Western Europe sought to use to give themselves a more ancient heritage. Virgil and Livy weren’t the first to connect to Rome to Aeneas, however Homer himself supports no such connection. Nennius and Geoffrey of Monmouth further connects the Britons to Aeneas. Geoffrey of Tours traced the Franks back to Helenus and Andromache.
But it is in the Prose Edda we see an early clue this descent from Troy may have been code for, or a middle stage of, descent from Israel all along. Because the Prose Edda says Troy was 12 Kingdoms with one High King. And it says troy was in the middle of the Earth, a location traditionally given to Israel in Judeo-Christian thinking. Justified by it being where Africa and Eurasia meet.